Stages Cycling shook up the power meter market back in 2012 with the introduction of their left-side crank arm power meter. Unlike previous power meters at the time (cranks or hubs), the Stages was a left-side crank arm measuring left leg power. This meant you simply swapped out your current crank arm for a new, power equipped one. Easy stuff! It was also the first power meter to use both ANT+ and Bluetooth SMART wireless protocols. While Stages was first to the party with this type of power meter, 4iiii Innovations quickly followed suit, producing its own version of a left-side crank arm power meter. While the power meters produced by these companies share many similarities…they are not without their differences. So, we thought it would be helpful if we conducted a Stages vs 4iiii crank arm power meter comparison – and put these two power meters head-to-head!
Why Crank Arm Power Meters Are Popular
Left-side crank arm power meters are one of the most popular power meters you can buy. Here’s why:
- Affordable – Since you are just buying the left-side crank arm (instead of an entire crankset, new set of pedals, etc.), they are one of the more affordable power meters you can buy. In fact, 4iiii has models starting at $285 and Stages has models at $325. This makes them the most affordable direct force power meters available.
- Easy to install – This design allows for easy installation and swapping of the power meter between bikes. The power meter can be installed or moved between bikes in about 5-10 minutes.
- Light – They are extremely lightweight. These power meters only add about 10-20 grams (based on the model) to your bike.
The Trade Off…
Ok, so what’s the catch? The drawback to a left-side crank arm power meter is…well…just that. It’s left-side only. It takes your left leg power and doubles it to approximate your total power. This is how all left-side power meters work. To be true, this type of power measurement is fine for most folks. However, if you are looking for the most accurate option available, you might be better off with a power meter that measures both legs (Stages and 4iiii actually make some of these too!).
So if you’re okay with a left-only power meter and like things like affordability, ease of installation and lightweight – and of course have a compatible crankset, than a Stages or 4iiii might be right for you. Below, we briefly summarize these two power meters and put them head-to-head across several key considerations you’ll likely want to consider.
About Stages Cycling and 4iiii Innovations
Stages Cycling got their start in the indoor fitness market, manufacturing power-equipped indoor cycling bikes. Starting in 2010, they began work on an outdoor version of their power meter and by 2012, they were producing what is now referred to as the Stages Cycling power meter.
The Stages power meter was the first power meter to use both ANT+ and Bluetooth SMART protocols, as well as Active Temperature Compensation, which works to keep the power meter accurate regardless of temperature changes during your ride.
The company currently offers their Stages generation 3 power meters which feature a stronger transmitter, among other refinements, over the previous version. Stages offers a range of models for road, MTB, gravel and track. Compatible cranksets include Shimano, Campagnolo, FSA, Cannondale, SRAM, Easton, Specialized and Race Face. They also make carbon arms for select cranksets. Prices range from $325 to $900 (for left-side crank arms).
4iiii Innovations is based in Alberta Canada and develops a range of sports performance technologies. The company entered the power meter market in late-2014, unveiling the PRECISION, the world’s lightest power meter.
Like the Stages, the 4iiii power meter is a left-side crank arm power meter that takes your left leg power and doubles it to approximate total power. 4iiii units feature ANT+ and Bluetooth SMART, are accurate to +/- 1.0% and run off of a CR2032 battery.
4iiii’s newest model, the PRECISION 3, uses an ultra-slim battery compartment for improved frame clearance and features an industry-leading 800 hours of battery life.
However, unlike the Stages, 4iiii ride ready power meters are only compatible with Shimano road, MTB and gravel cranksets. Prices range from $285 to $515 (for left-side crank arms).
Head-to-Head Stages vs 4iiii Comparison
Both the Stages and 4iiii left-side crank arms install the same way. You simply remove your current, left-side crank arm and replace it with your new, power-equipped version. Installation typically takes about 5-10 minutes for most models. Some models, such as the Stages Carbon power meters, require you to change out your spindle as well, and this adds an extra step to the process. But it is still a relatively basic process. It can be performed at home in your garage as long you have access to some Allen keys and a torque wrench. Note that for Shimano models, you will also need a Shimano Crank Arm Cap Tool.
In general, crank arm-based power meters are one of the lightest power meters you can buy. This is because the added weight of the sensor that is bonded to the inside of the crank arm weighs practically nothing. 4iiii takes the win here as its sensor adds a mere 9 grams to your bike. But we have to admit, this is splitting hairs a bit. The Stages power meter only adds 20 grams – which is still very light. Since the weight is negligible for both of these power meters, you could easily call this a tie.
Both the Stages and 4iiii crank arm power meters run off of 2032 coin cell batteries. This is a very common battery amongst power meter manufacturers. It’s relatively small, affordable, easy to source and provides good run time.
4iiii gets the win here. Their new PRECISION 3 features a whopping 800 hours of battery life. This is pretty amazing considering the power meter runs off of a single CR2032 battery. This compares to 200 hours for the Stages. Note that 200 hours for the Stages isn’t at all bad, but you get 4x this with the 4iiii. We also note that because CR2032 batteries are cheap easily changed, we don’t consider this a huge deciding factor…but more battery life is always good thing.
Ability to Easily Change Batteries
Battery changes on these crank arms couldn’t be easier and it’s done the same way for both. You pop open a small black battery door on the sensor, remove the old battery and insert the new one. No special tools required. It’s a one-minute job.
Quick tip – you will find a small O-ring on located around the battery compartment. It serves to keep moisture out. So when changing batteries, make sure the O-ring is in place and is in good condition. In the event you lose or damage the battery door, no worries. We sell Stages replacement battery doors and 4iiii replacement battery doors.
All of these crank arm-based power meters transmit power and cadence data via both the ANT+ and Bluetooth SMART wireless protocols. This makes the power meters compatible with your favorite head unit, smart phone or tablet.
Some people have complained about dropouts with the Stages power meters when using ANT+. It’s true the Stages Generation 2 power meters suffered from this in some specific situations. However, this is no longer a concern. The Stages Generation 3 power meter features radio antennas that are 6x more powerful than the previous version. We’re yet to hear of a signal issue of signal loss with the Stages Generation 3 Stages units.
We are going to call this one a tie as well. 4iiii claims an accuracy of +/- 1.0% and Stages +/- 1.5%. However, the 0.5% difference we are talking about here is minimal. In addition, it’s really hard to validate this differential. Third party tests have shown these power meters to track other, popular power meter models closely. Is it possible that the 4iiii is slightly more accurate…perhaps, but in the grand scheme of things, we don’t think this should be a deciding factor.
Active Temperature Compensation
As the temperature changes during your ride, the material that houses the tiny strain gauges within the power meter can expand and contract. As this material shifts, it can ever-so-slightly bend or torque the strain gauges. This can negatively impact the accuracy of the power meter. Enter active temperature compensation. This technology allows the power meter to adjust for changes in temperature during your ride, which helps keep the power meter accurate in all weather conditions. Both the Stages and 4iiii power meters features this technology – so all good here. Another tie.
Both crank arm power meters measure cadence, so this is a tie. In addition, they both do so using an accelerometer, which is an electronic device that is housed inside the power meter that measures the acceleration of the crank arm.
Both power meters require the user to perform a calibration (technically called a zero-offset) procedure before every ride. The process of zero-offsetting can be done via the power meter’s app or your head unit. It takes all of 15 seconds and ensures accurate power for your ride.
The 4iiii comes with a 3-year warranty, so it gets the win here. This compares to 1 year for Stages.
Crank-arm based power meters like the ones on this page, attach a sensor to the inside of the left crank arm. On some bikes, there is not enough room between the left crank arm and the chainstay for the sensor to clear the frame. The 4iiii PRECISION 2 and Stages sensors are approximately 7.5 mm thick. This means you need close to 10 mm of space between your left crank arm and frame for the power meter to fit – 7.5 mm for the sensor and 2-2.5 mm of extra room as the crank arm will flex a bit as you ride.
However, the 4iiii PRECISION 3 uses a new, slim sensor that is only about 5 mm thick. This means, you only need close to 7 mm of total clearance with the PRECISION 3 (vs. 10 mm for the Stages). This renders most incompatibility issues a thing of the past.
Stages Cycling takes a big win here and this is one of the biggest differences between these brands. The company makes crank arms that are compatible with Shimano, Campagnolo, FSA, Cannondale, SRAM, Race Face, Easton and Specialized cranksets. They offer carbon arms as well as versions for road, MTB and track. 4iiii on the other hand, only offers road and MTB crank arms for Shimano.
While both the Stages and 4iiii power meters can be used with oval chainrings, the oval rings will influence or skew the accuracy of the power meters. We note this is pretty normal as many power meters are impacted by the use of oval chainrings. Specifically, 4iiii states the while the error resulting by oval chainrings will depend on the ovality of the ring, you can expect a 1-4% over-estimation of power. Likewise, Stages estimates it can be as much as 4-5% higher.
Again, we want to emphasize that mechanically, it’s perfectly ok to use these power meters with oval rings. However, you simply need to make note that the use of an oval ring with your 4iiii or Stages power meter will likely result in a slight overestimation of power.
Smart Phone App Functionality
Both of these power meters feature Bluetooth SMART compatibility and also have dedicated cycling apps. The apps are free and are available for both iOS and Android. While there are definitely some differences in the apps – the 4iiii app is the only one that lets you record ride data – there are also similarities. For example, they both allow you to update firmware and conduct your pre-ride zero-offset. We’re calling this a tie as the there’s too much subjectivity to determine a clear winner.
Ok, so we saved the big one for last. We’re going to focus on Shimano versions here because it’s the one model sold by both companies. As you can see in the table below, across most models, 4iiii PRECISION 2 power meters are the lower cost option. On average, they are about 8-10% cheaper than Stages models.
However, if you view 4iiii’s newest PRECISION 3 models, you will see they are priced slightly above the Stages models. On average, they are about 3% more. So with PRECISION 2 less than Stages and PRECISION 3 more…we have to call this one a tie. Eventually, we expect 4iiii to discontinue the PRECISION 2, and at that point, cost will favor Stages, ever-so-slightly.
This table also highlights some differences regarding availability of certain models. When it comes to road, you can see that Stages offers right only crank arms, whereas 4iiii does not. However, 4iiii offers a R7000 Dual-sided crankset (a great value for a dual-sided road power meter), but Stages doesn’t.
In regards to GRX gravel power meters, 4iiii makes left-, right- and dual-side units, whereas Stages offers only left-side crank arms.
Lastly, on the MTB side of things, it’s the other way around. Stages offers more units than 4iiii, with left-, right- and dual-side units.
|4iiii (PRECISION 2)||4iiii (PRECISION 3)||Stages Cycling|
|Road - Left Side|
|Road - Right Side|
|Road - Dual Sided|
|CX/Gravel - Left Side|
|CX/Gravel - Right Side|
|CX/Gravel - Dual Sided|
|MTB - Left Side|
|MTB - Right Side|
|MTB - Dual Side|
Stages vs 4iiii Summary
As you can see, and as we mentioned at the outset, these power meters share many similarities. They are indeed very similar products. But there are some differences as well. Most notably:
- Crankset compatibility – Stages is compatible across a wider range of cranksets
- Warranty – 4iiii has a longer, 3-year warranty
- Battery life – 4iiii PRECISION 3 models feature an industry leading 800 hours of battery life
- Frame compatibility – 4iiii PRECISION 3 models use a slimmer sensor that fits more bikes
- Price – 4iiii PRECISION 2 power meters are priced about 8-10% lower, on average
We’ve personally owned and trained on both of these power meters and they’ve been great. It really comes down to what’s important to you – and quite frankly, what equipment you’re currently running. If you have a Shimano crankset and want to save some money, the 4iiii PRECISION 2 is probably a great choice. Or, if you know that frame clearance is tight on your bike, the 4iiii PRECISION 3 will give you a great chance of compatibility. You’ll also benefit from the longer battery life and 3-year warranty.
However, if you have a non-Shimano crankset, Stages offers a much wider selection of compatible power meters. Their units sell very well and we get a lot of great customer feedback on them. We are pretty confident that regardless of your choice, you’ll enjoy it and will be a stronger cyclist for training with power!