Power meters give you the ability to see your power and cadence data in real time on your handlebar mounted bicycle computer, watch or smartphone (your “head unit”). Data is transmitted wirelessly by the power meter to the head unit using a wireless transmission protocol. Power meter manufacturers have two wireless protocols to choose from when designing a power meter: ANT+ vs Bluetooth SMART. Traditionally, the ANT+ power meter dominated the market and Bluetooth-equipped units were few and far between. However, with the recent rise in popularity of the Bluetooth technology – largely due to its ease of use – more and more manufacturers are equipping their power meters with Bluetooth SMART functionality. So, if you’re in the market for a Bluetooth power meter, you’re in luck.
In fact, we are now at the point where most power meters transmit data via both wireless transmission protocols. Below, we talk about ANT+ vs Bluetooth SMART, as well as show which manufacturers are currently using each technology.
ANT+ vs Bluetooth Power Meter
ANT+ Power Meter
Let’s first start with ANT. ANT is an ultra-low power, 2.4 GHz wireless network. Its main purpose is to send standard information wirelessly from one device to another. However, there is an important distinction between ANT vs ANT+. ANT serves two functions. It determines how networks can be formed and also how data can be sent. It does not however establish what information may be included within the data that is sent.
ANT+ stands for interoperability and defines how the data and information is converted and sent – and makes sure it’s sent in a standardized way. Therefore, ANT+ allows two wireless devices to understand and communicate with one another, even if they are from different manufacturers. In the case of power meters, ANT+ allows your power meter to communicate with your head unit. Almost all power meters and head units use ANT+. (Polar is an exception as their devices only use Bluetooth.)
- It’s an open system. An ANT+ power meter can send information to multiple head units simultaneously
- It’s efficient. Although both Bluetooth SMART and ANT+ require very little power, ANT+ prides itself on its efficiency
- There really isn’t any for the purposes we are discussing here (power meters and head units). While it isn’t as fast as Bluetooth SMART, as you will see below, it’s plenty fast enough
Manufacturers Offering ANT+ Only
Bluetooth SMART Power Meter
Bluetooth SMART, also known as Bluetooth Low Energy, Bluetooth 4.0 or BLE as its perhaps most often called, is also a wireless technology that allows information to pass between electronic devices. BLE allows devices to wirelessly connect with applications via smart phones and tablets. While Bluetooth is probably the more well-known of the two wireless protocols, until recently, there were only a handful of manufacturers on the market offering a Bluetooth power meter. Now, as you can see below, the majority of the market consists of Bluetooth equipped devices. Also, it’s important to note that when comparing ANT+ vs Bluetooth, the power meters capable of transmitting data via Bluetooth SMART can also send data via ANT+. So if your power meter has Bluetooth functionality, you have the option of transmitting data using either wireless protocol.
- Allows devices to wirelessly connect with applications via smart phones and tablets
- A Bluetooth power meter can transmit information 64x per second, 16x faster than ANT+
- It’s intuitive. Pairing a Bluetooth head unit or smart phone with a power meter is quick and simple
- The sending and receiving devices must be linked and it’s therefore considered a “closed system”. With ANT+ for example, you can send data to multiple head units. With Bluetooth, you can only send data to one device
So the primary advantage to BLE is its ability to communicate with smart phones and tablets. This allows you to use your smart phone as a head unit (you just need to download a third-party cycling app). In addition, most manufacturers that make a Bluetooth equipped power meter, also offer a power meter app, and these apps can make using a power meter easier and more rewarding. The primary disadvantage to BLE is its closed system nature.
Important note: While ANT+ can transmit data 4x per second, and Bluetooth SMART 64x per second, current power meters aren’t running this fast. Why? It would be too hard on the battery. Most power meters record data closer to once per second. This way, the head unit can essentially enter sleep mode for very brief periods of time, thus prolonging battery life.
Manufacturers Offering both ANT+ and Bluetooth SMART
ANT+ vs Bluetooth Power Meter: Dual-Sided Systems
There is one more thing to mention – and that is the way these two wireless transmission protocols operate in a dual-sided power meter. A dual-sided power meter is one that has two power sensors, allowing it to measure left and right leg power independently. (Examples are the Favero Assioma DUO, Garmin Vector 3, PowerTap P1, Verve InfoCrank and ROTOR 2INpower DM power meters.)
With an ANT+ power meter, the left and right power sensors are connected to each other in a master/slave relationship. The power sensor that serves as the master, typically the left power sensor in most cases, connects to both the bicycle computer as well as the slave power sensor. The master sensor collects data from the slave sensor and communicates with the bicycle computer. The slave sensor only communicates with the master sensor – never with the bicycle computer directly.
With Bluetooth SMART, each power sensor is paired individually and directly to the bicycle computer. The bicycle computer combines the power values from both power sensors in order to determine total power. This doesn’t have a direct effect on how you use or train with the power meter, but we think it’s always nice to understand how the equipment you are using is actually working.